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By Committee on Future Options for Management in the Nation's Subsurface Remediation Effort,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Across the USA, hundreds of thousands of unsafe waste websites are infected with chemical compounds that hinder the underlying groundwater from assembly ingesting water criteria. those contain Superfund websites and different amenities that deal with and eliminate dangerous waste, lively and inactive dry cleaners, and leaking underground garage tanks; many are at federal amenities equivalent to army installations. whereas many websites were closed over the last 30 years via cleanup courses run by means of the U.S. division of safeguard, the U.S. EPA, and different kingdom and federal companies, the rest caseload is far tougher to deal with as the nature of the illness and subsurface stipulations make it tricky to accomplish ingesting water criteria within the affected groundwater.

Alternatives for handling the Nation's complicated infected Groundwater Sites estimates that no less than 126,000 websites around the U.S. nonetheless have infected groundwater, and their closure is anticipated to price at the least $110 billion to $127 billion. approximately 10 percentage of those websites are thought of "complex," which means recovery is not going to be completed within the subsequent 50 to a hundred years as a result of technological obstacles. At websites the place contaminant concentrations have plateaued at degrees above cleanup targets regardless of lively efforts, the document recommends comparing even if the websites should still transition to long term administration, the place dangers will be monitored and destructive exposures avoided, yet at diminished costs.

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Alternatives for Managing the Nation's Complex Contaminated Groundwater Sites by Committee on Future Options for Management in the Nation's Subsurface Remediation Effort,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council


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